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Gretchen and Dennis Duling


Gretchen Duling grew up in Gallipolis, a small Ohio River town that was an Underground Railroad crossing site. Her early degrees were in Music Education from the Chicago Musical College at Roosevelt University, an M.A. in Creative and Gifted Education from Buffalo State College, and an M.S. in Educational Administration and Supervision from Canisius College in Buffalo, New York. While researching her doctoral dissertation for the New York State University at Buffalo, she used both traditional historical and oral historical methods. Now a retired teacher, she has sought to answer the many unanswered questions about the history of the Underground Railroad. Dennis Duling spent his early years in Coshocton, a small town in east-central Ohio. He graduated from the college of Wooster, McCormick Theological Seminary, became an ordained Presbyterian minister, and continued his studies at the University of Heidelberg and the University of Chicago, and did postgraduate research at Yale, Yeshiva, and Heidelberg Universities. He has authored books and technical studies in his field, held offices in professional societies, given academic presentations in the U.S., Europe, and South Africa, and spent time in the Middle East. He is Professor Emeritus, Canisius College in Buffalo, New York.

Author's books

A Final River to Cross: The Underground Railroad at Youngstown, NY


This local and regional study fills the gap in documenting Youngstown’s role in the Underground Railroad in New York State. It also offers further proof of the existence of, support for, and operation of the Underground Railroad in Western New York. It is a comprehensive and extensive book meant for both the general reader and scholars. The authors have uncovered a rich treasure of information in newly discovered primary source materials. Discover the compelling stories of the citizens of Youngstown who formed an intricate Underground Railroad network.


Buffalo Heritage Press

487 pages (7.5 x 9.25″) Indexed.

ISBN: 978-1-952536-01-4 (softcover)